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Fish were sampled individually, at rest, following air exposures of up to 8 min, during recovery from a 5 min air exposure or after a 5 minute chase. The spleen was photographed in vivo at rest and following 5 min air exposure in one fish. The effect of individual versus serial sampling from the sam...
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The structure and morphometry of the gills of the marine teleost, red drum, have been studied. The present analysis of gas exchange area of fish gills is one of the most intensive and the results are compared to less intense averaging methods. Based on the gill area estimates, red drum falls into th...
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Shyness and boldness has been considered a fundamental axis of human behavioural variation. At the extreme ends of this behavioural continuum subjects vary from being bold and assertive to shy and timid. Analogous patterns of individual variation have been noted in a number of species including fish...
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The solubility of oxygen is so low in water that it is reasonable to dimension water flow in the fish gills in units of oxygen molecules. Each sieve unit of the tuna gill is 1064oxygen molecules wide.
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In a previous study we showed that many of the morphological features of the respiratory system of GH (growth hormone) transgenic Atlantic salmon are greater than similarly sized control salmon. Here we show that the manifestation of GH transgene is similar in two different lines of GH transgenic Pa...
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The force-velocity relation during oscillatory work was compared with that measured in the traditional way with quick release and force clamps using toad sartorius, frog sartorius, and mouse soleus muscles. Plotting the force and corresponding velocity data in this way produces a 'power-loop&ap...
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Either handling or exercise cause an increase in body weight in fish acclimated to fresh water, and a decrease in body weight in fish acclimated to sea water.
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Acoustic telemetry showed that stomach temperature from large bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, held in an impoundment, changed during feeding. The stomach cooled rapidly on ingesting cold food. It then warmed to a maximum of 10° to 15°C above water temperature over a period of 12 to 20 h. Temperatur...
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This study is the first to examine the contractility of teleost ventricular muscle in an oscillating muscle preparation. The experiments were designed to test the relative importance of Ca2+ released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and Ca2+ influx across the sarcolemma (SL) to cardiac performan...
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As growth hormone transgenic Atlantic salmon consume more food to support their rapid growth, a study was conducted to determine if the morphology of the digestive tract would reflect these accelerated processes. Offspring from a non-transgenic cross that was spawned on the same day as the test fish...
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1. The ability of fish gills to transfer heat was measured by applying a heat pulse to blood in the ventral aorta and measuring it before and after passing through the gills of a teleost, Hemitripterus americanus. 2. 80-90% of heat contained in the blood is lost during passage through the gills. 3. ...
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We review studies claiming that fish feel pain and find deficiencies in the methods used for pain identification, particularly for distinguishing unconscious detection of injurious stimuli (nociception) from conscious pain. Results were also frequently misinterpreted and not replicable, so claims th...
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Rainbow trout were exposed to sublethal waterborne Cd (5 and 10mugL(-1)) and dietary Ca (60mgg(-1)), individually and in combination, for 30d to elucidate the interactive effects and evaluate the toxicological significance of mitochondrial responses to these cations in vivo. Indices of fish conditio...
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We investigated the interaction of temperature and copper (Cu) on mitochondrial bioenergetics to gain insight into how temperature fluctuations imposed by natural phenomena or anthropogenic activities would modulate the effects of Cu on cellular energy homeostasis. Mitochondria were isolated from ra...
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Molecular features of cadmium (Cd) and calcium (Ca) uptake and toxicity in rainbow trout liver mitochondria were studied using modulators of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) and rapid uptake mode (RaM). Malate-glutamate energized mitochondria w...
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Impairment of the electron transport chain (ETC) is implicated in cadmium (Cd)- and calcium (Ca)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. To localize the sites of the impairment, effects of 0-50μM Cd and Ca, singly and in combination, on complex I- to IV-driven respirations were investigated using isolat...