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OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of heart murmurs in overtly healthy cats. DESIGN: Prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 103 healthy domestic cats. PROCEDURE: Background information and physical characteristics were assessed in cats that were candidates for blood donation during an 8-month period....
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The asymmetric shape of the heart, small acoustic window, and range of interindividual variation in normal and abnormal states all can limit the extent of echocardiographic studies in small animal medicine. Beyond these uncontrollable variables, however, there are a number of additional potentially ...
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An 11-month-old, female Scottish terrier was presented with a history of a heart murmur. The electrocardiogram showed signs of left ventricular enlargement, and radiography confirmed generalized cardiomegaly. Echocardiography revealed four equally sized aortic valve cusps. A ventricular septal defec...
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Background: Ventricular tachyarrhythmias occur in association with cardiac and extracardiac disorders in many species of animals, but information identifying concurrent disorders in cats with such arrhythmias is scarce.Methods: We investigated coexisting diseases by retrospectively evaluating medica...
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The well recognized cardiac effects of severe hyperkalemia include progressive rhythm and conduction disturbances such as bradycardia, spiked and narrow T waves, widening QRS complex, widening and flattening P wave, disappearance of the P wave, and cardiac arrest. Paradoxically, a heart rate greater...
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L-Carnitine is an amino acid derivative required for the beta -oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, a process necessary for deriving energy from fat. Carnitine deficiency has been shown to cause dilated cardiomyopathy in a small population of dogs, and effects of carnitine deficiency on other tissue...
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Background Predicting subaortic stenosis (SAS) in adult Golden Retriever dogs (GRs) by evaluating them as puppies is hampered by the progressive expression of the SAS phenotype in youth. In some children who develop SAS as adults, an abnormal aortoseptal angle (AoSA) precedes development of stenosis...
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Objective—To determine the prevalence of various radiographic findings for dogs with cardiac tamponade (CT) attributable to pericardial effusion (PE) and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of such findings for identification of affected dogs. Design—Retrospective, randomized, blinded,...
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Background A 10 week-old intact female German shepherd dog was examined because of a heart murmur.; Methods An echocardiogram revealed an extracardiac left-to-right shunt. An angiogram identified shunting between the aorta and the pulmonary artery in an unusual location.; Results Thoracotomy was per...
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BACKGROUND Myocardial fibrosis is a hallmark of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Human patients with HCM have high serum concentrations of biomarkers of collagen synthesis, indicating a profibrotic state. This abnormality exists in sarcomere mutation carriers both with and without overt left ventr...
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The material is written by a team of over 50 veterinarians and veterinary educators covering the spectrum of veterinary medicine. The cards address the entire veterinary curriculum, with 100 questions in each of 6 categories: large animal, small animal, avian & exotics, the "ologies" [...
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BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease has the potential to alter platelet function in dogs. Evaluation of platelet function using the PFA-100 analyzer in dogs of multiple breeds and with a broad range of cardiac conditions would help clarify the effect of cardiac disease on platelets. OBJECTIVES: The objectiv...
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BACKGROUND: The platelet function analyzer (PFA)-100 is a point-of-care instrument previously evaluated in humans and dogs. In both species, artificially prolonged platelet closure time (CT) occurs with anemia. Reliability of the analyzer in dogs becomes a concern when the HCT is between 0.25 and 0....
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Epidemiology and pathobiology -- Felines and ferrets -- Vector borne diseases -- Diagnosis and prevention -- Poster session -- Panel sessios -- Recommended procedures: dogs -- Recommended procedures: cats -- Constitution and bylaws.