Results

1 - 25 of 212
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Background: Failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) is the underlying predisposing risk factor for most early losses in dairy calves. Refractometers, either optical or digital, can be used to assess FTPI as a part of calf health monitoring program on dairy operations. Objectives: To eval...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Compared with blanket dry cow therapy (DCT), the selective antimicrobial treatment of cows based upon on-farm culture results has the potential to reduce the amount of antimicrobials used in dairy production. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of a Petrifilm (3M Canada, L...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Short Sequence Repeat (SSR) typing of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) isolates is one of the most commonly used method for genotyping this pathogen. Currently used techniques have challenges in analyzing mononucleotide repeats >15 bp, which include some of the Map SSRs. Fragmen...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Objective—To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of results of initial and repeated milk ELISAs (at 6- or 12-month intervals) to detect cows that were shedding Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis (ie, were infectious) and to evaluate factors influencing the probability that the resu...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The focus of this research was to improve Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) control and management programs through increased understanding of the diagnostic detection ability of common pathogen and antibody assays over seasons and lactation stages, as well as through the novel use o...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The objective of the study was to evaluate the utility of a Petrifilm-based on-farm culture system when used to make selective antimicrobial treatment decisions on low somatic cell count cows (<200,000 cells/mL) at drying off. A total of 729 cows from 16 commercial dairy herds with a low bulk tank s...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Cow-level milk ELISA results can be used to determine herd Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) status. Milk sample collection is minimally invasive and ELISA results can be obtained quickly and economically. The objectives were to evaluate the herd-level test characteristics of 3 commerc...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Mastitis is the main disease entity affecting dairy farms in the Colombian High Plains of northern Antioquia, Colombia. However, no previous epidemiologic studies have determined the characteristics that increase the risk of infection in this region, where manual milking is still the prevailing syst...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
As an alternative to blanket dry cow therapy (BDCT), selective dry cow therapy (SDCT) is considered a more judicious approach to antimicrobial use for the purpose of mastitis control during the non-lactating period. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the utility of a 3M Petrifilm-based on-...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Klebsiella spp. is a common cause of bovine mastitis, but information regarding its molecular epidemiology is lacking from many parts of the world. On using mass spectrometry and partial sequencing of the rpoB gene, it was found that over a one year study, K. variicola and Enterobacter cloacae were ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Simple, rapid and cost-effective methods are sought for measuring immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations in bovine serum, which can be applied for diagnosis of failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential use of Fourier-transform infrar...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Staphylococcus aureus is a significant pathogen frequently causing persistent intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cows. We compared some genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of 285 strains collected from quarter milk samples from cows with persistent and nonpersistent subclinical IMI across C...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative organism of Johne's disease. Although fecal culture is considered the standard diagnostic test, the long incubation times, costs, and intermittent shedding of MAP hinder efficient screening programs based on culture results. The primar...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Simple, rapid and cost-effective methods are sought for measuring immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations in bovine serum, which can be applied for diagnosis of failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential use of Fourier-transform infrar...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
This study evaluated test characteristics of environmental culture (EC) for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in 32 herds over a 2-year period. Individual fecal samples were collected every 6 mo and environmental samples every 3 mo. Individual fecal culture was p...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a 3M Petrifilm-based on-farm culture system for the detection of intramammary infection (IMI) in low somatic cell count (SCC) cows (<200,000 cells/mL) at drying off. The main objectives were to determine the test characteristics and the predictive values of ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Gastrointestinal nematodes, such as Ostertagia ostertagi and several species of Cooperia, are ubiquitous in temperate climates and have been shown to have detrimental effects on production in adult dairy cattle. A published meta-analysis demonstrated that overall, producers lose approximately 0.35 k...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The purpose of this research was to evaluate herd and cow-level Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) diagnostic tests within non-infected and low to moderate within-herd prevalence MAP-infected herds. Specific objectives were to estimate herd-level sensitivity and specificity of env...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria has clinical and public health significance. The present study determined prevalence of AMR in common mastitis pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA; n=1,810), Escherichia coli (n=394), and Klebsi...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Major mastitis pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and coliforms are usually considered more virulent and damaging to the udder than minor mastitis pathogens such as Corynebacterium spp. and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). The current li...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Staphylococcus aureus is the most prevalent pathogen causing intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cattle worldwide. New treatment regimens have been evaluated to increase cure rates. A systematic review was conducted to answer this question: what is the best antibiotic treatment for S aureus IMI o...