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Approximately 8 weeks after a chlorine insult associated with the city water supply, shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum (L.), from one group presented with small (3-4 mm) irregular foci of cutaneous pallor that involved the dorsocranial integument with progressive ulceration of the nascent l...
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In the present study the pathogenesis of experimental infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) infection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1972) and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar was compared. The virus infection in the 2 species demonstrated different mortality patterns and pathology chara...
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Visceral and systemic infection with a Dermocystidium -like organism was diagnosed recently in post-seawater entry smolts of Atlantic salmon farmed in the Bay of Fundy. In late summer and early fall, young fish developed "black smolt" disease, characterized by anorexia, lethargy and black skin. Para...
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The present study describes culture, virulence and antigenic characteristics of a Rickettsiales-like organism (RLO) associated with mortality in farmed Atlantic salmon in eastern Canada. Clinical disease was reproduced in naive Atlantic salmon parr by intraperitoneal i.p. inoculation with kidney hom...
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A large-scale mortality of larval and juvenile halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus occurred at a semi-commercial halibut farm in Atlantic Canada. Investigation of the cause revealed aquareovirus particles in necrotic liver tissue of affected fish. Cytopathic effect on CHSE-214 cell lines occurred from...
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Infection by a microsporidian of the genus Loma was found in gills of cod Gadus morhua. Xenomas contained parasites in multiple stages of development. Some spores looked empty and had everted polar tubes, which were either straight or coiled. These polar tubes were scattered throughout the xenoma cy...
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This case report provides pathologic and confirmatory molecular characterization of an outbreak of bumper car disease caused by the scuticociliate Anophryoides haemophila in American lobster Homarus americanus, from a commercial holding facility in Nova Scotia, Canada. Although sporadically and anec...
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Spores identified as Myxobolus neurobius were found in head homogenates of both wild young Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus . Formalin-preserved spores from Atlantic salmon measured an average of 12.9 x 9.4 mu m and contained two polar capsules that measured 6.4 x 2.9 m...
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This case report provides pathological and confirmatory diagnostic documentation of the first reported clinical epizootic of infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) in farmed rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, from central Mexico. Both the gross and microscopic pathology were consistent with IPN. A vi...
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Finfish nodaviruses (betanodaviruses) can cause highly destructive infections in numerous species of farmed marine fish larvae and juveniles worldwide. The betanodavirus genome consists of two single-stranded positive-sense RNA molecules (RNA1 and RNA2). The virus can be classified into four genotyp...
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The phenotypic correlates of pathogenicity for Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) in salmonid fishes have not been thoroughly studied to date. In this study, a comparison was made of 13 different strains of ISAV, isolated from different geographical regions between 1997 and 2004, for their infect...
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The consequences of high (735 copepodids fish-1) and low (243 copepodids fish-1) level exposures of size-matched juvenile pink and chum salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodids were examined. At both levels of exposure the prevalence and abundance of L. salmonis was significantly higher on chum ...
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In a comparison of 2 formalin killed vaccines, SHAWOGEN using an isolate (AVC U-13220) of Vibrio anguillarum (serotype 2) isolated from cod, and a commercial vaccine (VIBROGEN-2) prepared from 3 isolates (2 V. anguillarum, and V. ordalii) the vaccines were given i.p. with mild anaesthesia, by sprayi...
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This paper presents an overview of perkinsiosis in Salmo salar farmed in the Bay of Fundy, Canada, including information on the systematics of Perkinsus parasites, infection and disease caused by Perkinsus, lesions associated with the parasite in smolt and growout (market weight) salmon, differentia...
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Filamentous black yeasts from the genus Exophiala are ubiquitous, opportunistic pathogens causing both superficial and systemic mycoses in warm- and cold-blooded animals. Infections by black yeasts have been reported relatively frequently in a variety of captive and farmed freshwater and marine fish...
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Current understanding of the etiopathogenesis of infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) infection in fish comes mostly from virus detection in homogenized tissues taken from ISA-suspected mortalities. This study combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and histology to demonstrate viral RNA transcr...
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BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered to be carried by marine wild fish and for over 25 years has caused major dis...
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BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), which causes ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon, is an orthomyxovirus belonging to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV agglutinates erythrocytes of several fish species and it is generally accepted that the ISAV receptor destr...