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The morphology and the histochemistry from the mucus of the posterior esophagus of the winter flounder and the yellowtail flounder were examined using light and electron microscopy. The esophageal mucosa of both species was organized into elaborate branching folds. The epithelium consisted of a stra...
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Immunoreactivity to growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was found in the adenohypophysis of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus L., during its upstream migration, by immunoperoxidase techniques with antisera to mammalian pituitary hormones. Cross-reactivity to...
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The histology and mucus histochemistry of the pleuronectid post-gastric alimentary canal was examined using light and electron microscopy. Distinct differences in goblet cell mucus histochemistry were observed between species, with the two closest taxonomic species, the winter flounder and the yello...
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BACKGROUND: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a critical determinant of beta-cell insulin secretion in response to glucose. BHE/cdb rats have a mutation in ATP synthase that limits ATP production, yet develop mild diabetes only with ageing. We investigated the cellular basis for reduced insulin secret...
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An introduction to vertebrate functional morphology / Pieter Dullemeijer -- The cartilaginous skeleton of the sea lamprey: a family of non-collagen-based cartilages / Glenda M. Wright and Fred W. Keeley -- Evolutionary transformations of the respiratory islets of air-breathing organs in teleostean f...
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We measured low substrate (<1 nM) thyroid hormone (TH) deiodination activities in liver, muscle, intestine, and brain microsomes of Atlantic hagfish fasted for 2 weeks and found extremely low thyroxine (T-4) outer-ring deiodination (T4ORD) and inner-ring deiodination (T4IRD) as well as 3,5,3'-tri...
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Frozen sections of unfixed tibia and mandibles from day-old rats were immunostained by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique after exposure to antisera against procollagen I or other collagenous materials. Light microscopic study of bone growth areas showed that procollagen I antigenicity was pres...
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Chondrogenesis of the trabeculae, non-collagen-based cartilages in prolarval stages of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, was examined by light and electron microscopy. Chondrogenesis of the trabecular cartilages in prolarval lampreys commenced with the formation of mesenchymal condensations. Two ...
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The ultrastructure of the adenohypophysis (AH) in the larval anadromous sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus L., was examined. The AH is subdivided into three regions, the pro-, meso-, and meta-AH. Cells of the nasopharyngeal stalk extend directly beneath the pro- and meso-AH to form the ventral surface ...
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Light and electron microscopic observations and biochemical analysis of the lingual cartilages from the Atlantic hagfish, Myxine glutinosa, reveal two different types of cartilage, designated types 1 and 2, respectively. The anterior and medial lingual are type 1, while the posterior lingual cartila...
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Lampreys are a group of aquatic chordates whose relationships to hagfishes and jawed vertebrates are still debated. Lamprey embryology is of interest to evolutionary biologists because it may shed light on vertebrate origins. For this and other reasons, lamprey embryology has been extensively resear...
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The ultrastructural changes that take place in the ventral dermis along with the development of iridophores were examined in the anadromous sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, during metamorphosis. There is a disruption of all components of the ventral dermis and a reformation that results in a structu...
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Lamprey development is of interest to evolutionary biologists because it can inform our understanding of primitive vertebrate developmental patterns. In this study, we describe and illustrate some of the principle landmarks of organogenesis in the embryonic sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus L. at diffe...
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A dermal capillary network was found in three species of hagfishes (Myxine glutinosa, Paramyxine atami, Eptatretus stoutii) and in the adults of three species of lampreys (Geotria australis, Lampetra japonica, Petromyzon marinus). However, it was found neither in the ammocoetes of any of the species...
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Cartilage structures of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marimus, have previously been reported to stain by the Verhoeff method for elastin and to have a morphology similar to that of elastic cartilage of higher vertebrates. Earlier we showed that lamprin, the major matrix protein of lamprey annular cart...
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Processes involving self-assembly of monomeric units into organized polymeric arrays are currently the subject of much attention, particularly in the areas of nanotechnology and biomaterials. One biological example of a protein polymer with potential for self-organization is elastin. Elastin is the ...
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Corpora lutea from Sprague-Dawley rats that were orally administered 0.0 (control), 1.0, 10.0, and 100.0 mg/kg hexachlorobenzene (HCB) for 21 days were analyzed by electron microscopy. Granulosa lutein cells (GLC) from animals of the 10.0 mg group showed differences from the cells of animals that se...
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Lamprin is a unique structural protein which forms the extracellular matrix of several cartilaginous structures found in the lamprey. Lamprin is noncollagenous in nature but shows sequence similarities to elastins and to insect structural proteins. Here, we characterize the structure and organizatio...