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Light and electron microscopy and in vitro inflation experiments were conducted on the aortae of three different invertebrate species: the lobster Homarus americanus, the horseshoe crab Limulus polyphemus and the whelk Busycon contrarium. Inflation experiments were also performed on the aortae of tw...
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Lamprin is a unique structural protein which forms the extracellular matrix of several cartilaginous structures found in the lamprey. Lamprin is noncollagenous in nature but shows sequence similarities to elastins and to insect structural proteins. Here, we characterize the structure and organizatio...
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P. salmonis, the aetiologic agent of salmonid rickettsial septicaemia (SRS), affects several species of salmonids. Previous reports using the appearance of cytopathic effect (CPE) as the criterion for susceptibility, showed that P. salmonis (ATCC strain) can be grown in vitro in some cells lines der...
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The structural changes during the development of the digestive tract of the larvae of the yellowtail flounder, Pleuronectes ferruginea, from 3 days' post-hatch to metamorphosis (46 days' post-hatch), were studied using light microscopy. Differentiation of the digestive tract into the buccal cavity, ...
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The presence of elastic fibres in the extracellular matrix (ECM) provides physiologically important elastic properties for many tissues. Until recently, microfibrils, one component of the ECM, were thought primarily to serve as a scaffolding on which elastin is deposited during development to form e...
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Thyroxine (T4) concentrations in samples of fresh sera taken from fed and unfed larval (ammocoetes) and metamorphosing anadromous sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) were measured by means of radioimmunoassay. T4 levels in unfed ammocoetes after a 1-month period were not significantly different from th...
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The immunoreactivity of procollagen types I and III and of collagen type IV was detected in frozen sections of the growing apical end of rat incisor teeth by an indirect method making use of protein A. The sections were exposed to affinity-purified antibodies against these substances. The bound anti...
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Antibodies made against thyroglobulin (TG) were used in an immunocytochemical study for the light and electron microscopic localization of TG in the thyroid gland of the anadromous sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, during its upstream migration. TG was found in the follicular lumen and in some colloi...
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Variation in segment number is an important but neglected feature of vertebrate evolution, Some vertebrates have as few as six trunk vertebrae, while others have hundreds. We examine this phenomenon in relation to recent models of evolution and development. Surprisingly, differences in vertebral num...
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Previous evidence from our laboratories showed that collagen is not the major matrix protein of the cartilaginous endoskeleton of the lamprey (Petromyzon marinus). Here we have characterized the cartilage matrix proteins of the only other extant agnathan, the hagfish (Myxine glutinosa). Using morpho...
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The development of digestive enzyme activity was compared in 2 species of flounders, the yellowtail flounder, Pleuronectes ferruginea, and the winter flounder [Pseudopleuronectes americanus], subjected to 3 feeding regimes (live rotifer and algal diet, weaning onto a compound diet or starvation). Tw...
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Lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone was demonstrated in the brains of larval, metamorphic, and adult sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus, using an immunoperoxidase technique. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone was observed in the neurohypophysis and preoptic area of the brain of larval, metamorphic, juv...
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In contrast to all other vertebrate cartilages, the major extracellular matrix protein of lamprey cartilages is not collagen. Instead, there exists a unique family of noncollagenous structural proteins, the significance of which is not completely understood. A custom-built uniaxial testing apparatus...
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Growth hormone, prolactin and somatostatin-like immunoreactivities were demonstrated in the brains of larval, young adult (parasitic) and upstream migrant adult sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus, by means of immunoperoxidase techniques. Growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) were observed within sep...
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Two POMC-like pituitary prohormones proopiocortin (POC) and proopiomelanotropin (POM) have been characterized from adult sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus). POC encodes a nasohypophysial factor (NHF), ACTH, an MSH, and beta-END; and POM encodes MSH-A, MSH-B, and beta-END. Two radiolabeled riboprobes,...
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The fine structure of mucocartilage, a tissue unique to larval lampreys, was examined in Petromyzon marinus L. This tissue is surrounded by a perichondrium of vascularized, dense connective tissue composed of fibroblasts, collagen fibrils, and elastic-like microfibrils, but it is avascular itself an...
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Embryos of different species of vertebrate share a common organisation and often look similar. Adult differences among species become more apparent through divergence at later stages. Some authors have suggested that members of most or all vertebrate clades pass through a virtually identical, conser...
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1. Microfibrils are becoming increasingly recognized as an important component of the extracellular matrix. However, almost nothing: is known about their mechanical role in the diversity of tissues in which they are found. 2. Microfibrils form the principal structural component in the wall of the ab...
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