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The histology and mucus histochemistry of the pleuronectid post-gastric alimentary canal was examined using light and electron microscopy. Distinct differences in goblet cell mucus histochemistry were observed between species, with the two closest taxonomic species, the winter flounder and the yello...
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The morphology and the histochemistry of the mucus of the pleuronectid stomach were examined using light and electron microscopy. The stomach of the winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus) and the yellowtail flounder (Pleuronectes ferruginea) possessed a glandular or cardiac region and an aglandul...
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Cartilage structures of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marimus, have previously been reported to stain by the Verhoeff method for elastin and to have a morphology similar to that of elastic cartilage of higher vertebrates. Earlier we showed that lamprin, the major matrix protein of lamprey annular cart...
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The morphology and the histochemistry from the mucus of the posterior esophagus of the winter flounder and the yellowtail flounder were examined using light and electron microscopy. The esophageal mucosa of both species was organized into elaborate branching folds. The epithelium consisted of a stra...
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The immunoreactivity of procollagen types I and III and of collagen type IV was detected in frozen sections of the growing apical end of rat incisor teeth by an indirect method making use of protein A. The sections were exposed to affinity-purified antibodies against these substances. The bound anti...
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An in vitro comparison of the osteogenic potential of equine stem cell populations and subpopulations from multiple tissue sources was made to identify the ideal equine donor tissue as a source of MSCs to promote bone healing. Equine muscle tissue– and periosteal tissue–derived cells where chara...
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Light and electron microscopic observations and biochemical analysis of the lingual cartilages from the Atlantic hagfish, Myxine glutinosa, reveal two different types of cartilage, designated types 1 and 2, respectively. The anterior and medial lingual are type 1, while the posterior lingual cartila...
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The ultrastructural changes that take place in the ventral dermis along with the development of iridophores were examined in the anadromous sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, during metamorphosis. There is a disruption of all components of the ventral dermis and a reformation that results in a structu...
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Lamprin, an insoluble non-collagen, non-elastin protein, is the major connective tissue component of the fibrillar extracellular matrix of lamprey annular cartilage. Here we demonstrate that the soluble monomer of lamprin is a family of highly hydrophobic, self-aggregating proteins with molecular ma...
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Chondrogenesis of the trabeculae, non-collagen-based cartilages in prolarval stages of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, was examined by light and electron microscopy. Chondrogenesis of the trabecular cartilages in prolarval lampreys commenced with the formation of mesenchymal condensations. Two ...
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This report is the first morphological description of cells that resemble dendritic cells, which appear to form resident populations within the spleen and anterior kidney of fish. Based on examination of three salmonid species, including, rainbow trout, brook trout, and Atlantic salmon, the cells we...
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In contrast to all other vertebrate cartilages, the major extracellular matrix protein of lamprey cartilages is not collagen. Instead, there exists a unique family of noncollagenous structural proteins, the significance of which is not completely understood. A custom-built uniaxial testing apparatus...
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Sturgeon are harvested worldwide for their meat and eggs, sold as caviar and are among the most economically important fish species worldwide. A generally low physiological response to external stimuli/stressors has been documented in these phylogenetically primitive species. Considering how little ...
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We studied the morphology and occurrence of splenic Langerhans-like (LL) cells in species representing 11 orders of ray-finned fishes, Actinopterygii. LL cells were frequent in spleen tissue of species among Cypriniformes, Esociformes, Salmoniformes, and Pleuronectiformes. These cells contained gran...
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We have studied the replication of virus in tissues and development of lesions associated with infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) infection in Atlantic salmon using in situ hybridization (ISH) with a riboprobe targeting ISAV RNA segment 7 messenger RNA. Fish were infected with three ISAV isolates...
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Adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were injected intraperitoneally with capsaicin, substance P, serotonin, or a control of saline vehicle or bovine serum albumin (0.5 microgram/g body weight). Fish were sacrificed 30 min and 1, 2, and 4 h post-injection, the gut was dissected out, and a small...
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We measured low substrate (<1 nM) thyroid hormone (TH) deiodination activities in liver, muscle, intestine, and brain microsomes of Atlantic hagfish fasted for 2 weeks and found extremely low thyroxine (T-4) outer-ring deiodination (T4ORD) and inner-ring deiodination (T4IRD) as well as 3,5,3'-tri...