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Two viruses, infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus and a novel togavirus-like virus, were isolated from ISA disease outbreaks that were first reported as a new syndrome, haemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS) affecting farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. on the East coast of Canada. Laboratory confirm...
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In New Brunswick, Canada, the sea louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, poses an on-going management challenge to the health and productivity of commercially cultured Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. While the in-feed medication, emamectin benzoate has been highly effective for many years, evidence of increa...
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Conventional studies on the precision of diagnostic tests with binary outcomes report single descriptive estimates of agreement for a particular pool of samples. However, agreement for binary tests is intrinsically associated with the assay operating characteristics that are influenced by population...
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Furunculosis occurs in all of the Atlantic Canadian provinces of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick but not Prince Edward Island. Aeromonas salmonicida has been isolated from both wild and cultured salmonids and non-salmonids. Only "atypical A. salmonicida" (A. salmonicida subsp. ...
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The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for productivity losses in the Canadian lobster industry. Lobster handling and fishing practices onboard 64 fishing boats and transportation conditions on 49 vehicles subsequently transporting these lobsters from fishing wharves to processing ...
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Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) is a viral disease in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, characterized by lethargy, anorexia, anemia and death. Test methods used for regulatory decisions to remove infected cages include the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), the reverse transcription-polymer...
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Abstract Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) has been causing disease in New Brunswick since 1996. As a control measure, all fish in an outbreak cage are killed. The objective of this study was to compare ISAV prevalence in cages experiencing an outbreak with healthy cages from the same far...
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The control of the ectoparasite, sea lice (L. salmonis), on farmed Atlantic salmon in Eastern Canada was complicated by the development of resistance to emamectin benzoate, the primary in-feed medication used since 2000. Field efficacy and bioassay assessments were initiated to address the emergency...
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The first known case of mortality due to infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus in Canada occurred in New Brunswick in the late summer of 1996. In an observational study of risk factors associated with ISA virus (ISAV) outbreaks, mortality patterns were used to define cases at the cage level and the ...
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Epidemic mortalities of chinook salmon alevins (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) have occurred annually at a freshwater hatchery at the Chehalis River, British Columbia, Canada, since 1982. Previous work has identified branchial epithelial hyperplasia as the predominant pathological change. Our initial wor...
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The depletion of emamectin B1a in the edible tissues of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was studied at two inclusion rates of emamectin benzoate (EMB; Slice®) in commercially prepared diets. Fish were maintained in tanks supplied by flow-through, temperature-controlled natural seawater at 10.08±0.26...
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Growth indices were examined in 24 identically managed tanks, each containing 120 diploid juvenile rainbow trout (initial mean body weight, 9.3 g) during a 12-week study to examine tank effects associated with tank location in a multi user research facility. Growth indices included mean body weight,...
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This study describes and compares lobster fishing and handling practices on various boats, transportation conditions between fishing wharfs and processing plants, and health assessments of lobsters followed from the time of harvest to the time of arrival at the processing plants during the spring an...
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Emamectin benzoate has been used to treat sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, infestations on farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Recent evidence suggests a reduction in effectiveness in some locations. A major challenge in the detection of tolerance emergence can be the typically l...
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In contrast to mammalian therapeutics, the use of pharmaceutical substances is rather limited in fish. It is basically restricted to anaesthetic agents and anti-infective agents for parasitic and microbial diseases. Anaesthetic agents are used primarily in fish farm and laboratory settings to provid...
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Emamectin benzoate (an avermectin chemotherapeutant administered to fish as an in-feed treatment) has been used to treat infestations of sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis on farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada, since 1999. This retrospective...
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The Canadian lobster industry holds lobsters Homarus americanus in captivity for various periods to supply markets with live product year-round. Mortality during holding results in considerable losses, estimated at 10 to 15 % yr(-1) by the industry. This study examined the prevalence of Anophryoides...