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Six foals were inoculated intrabronchially with a suspension of C. equi. Six weeks before this challenge, three foals were vaccinated with a C. equi bacterin. Three foals were unvaccinated controls. All foals developed a severe bronchopneumonia in the inoculated lung, indicating that vaccination was...
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Cattle exposed only to Pasteurella multocida, to parainfluenza-3 virus, or to cold stress developed only mild upper respiratory symptoms; but when P. multocida infection was combined with PI-3 virus infection and/or cold stress, severe pneumonia developed. In in vitro studies, P. haemolytica or Esch...
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Bovine fetal lung tissue culture cells were infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus. The cells released substances into the supernatant fluid that suppressed the proliferative response of bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells which had been stimulated with concanavalin A. Activity could be fou...
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Guinea-pig respiratory and serum antibody responses were enhanced following exposure to aerosols of bovine IgG2 dissolved in solutions of sodium dodecylbenzene sulphate (SDBS). Enhanced response was seen in both primary and secondary immunization. Cell-mediated immune response (indirect macrophage m...
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Forty calves were used to evaluate the immune response effects induced by a wide range of dietary vitamin A intake levels. The immune response was not affected by the tested doses of vitamin A administered orally during a 56 day period. There was no change in plasma immunoglobulin concentrations and...
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From day 57 of pregnancy, 12 Yorkshire gilts were given a diet without and with 5% rapeseed oil, supplemented with Se 0.1 mg and DL- alpha -tocopherol (as tocopherol acetate) 22 IU/kg feed. Colostrum (day 0) and milk (days 7, 14, 21 and 28 post partum) were sampled from gilts. At farrowing, 3 piglet...
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Follicular fluid from bovine follicles at various stages of the estrous cycle and cysts were tested in vitro for immunosuppressive activity. Mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte assays and the mixed lymphocyte reaction were used as test procedures and thymidine uptake was monitored. Follicular fluid and cy...
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Calves were vaccinated by intrabronchial or subcutaneous injection of formalinized Pasteurella haemolytica. Antibody in serum, nasal washings, and bronchoalveolar washings was titrated sequentially before and after calves were vaccinated and then challenge exposed with live homologous bacteria. Bron...
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Adddition of an anionic detergent to aerosols of Bacillus subtilis protease markedly increased mortality in guinea pigs following a single aerosol exposure and altered the nature of the lung pathology after exposure. It was observed that the detergent inhibited in vitro activity of serum protease in...
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Calves were inoculated intratracheally with 5 X 10(7), 5 X 10(8), or 5 X 10(9) colony forming units of either 18-hour stationary phase cultures or 4-hour log phase cultures of Pasteurella haemolytica. The log phase culture at all concentrations produced more severe clinical signs, hematological chan...
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Bovine alveolar macrophages cultured for 12 hours with normal bovine bronchoalveolar washing supernatants (BWS) showed impaired phagocytosis of Pasteurella haemolytica when compared with phagocytosis in control cultures. Such impairment was not observed when another gram-negative bacillus, Yersinia ...
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Liposomes were prepared from phosphotidylcholine and cholesterol at a molar ratio of 4:1. One group of 10 fish received an intraperitoneal injection of multilamella liposomes (MLV), while another group received large unilamellar liposomes (LUV). Approx. 20 micro Ci of tritiated cholesterol had been ...
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In 3 experiments, calves were vaccinated by intrabronchial or subcutaneous injection of formalinized Pasteurella haemolytica. Immunization was evaluated by assessing the clinical and pathologic responses to pulmonary challenge exposure with live homologous bacteria. Serum and bronchoalveolar washing...
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Water extracts of virulent Brucella abortus were able to inhibit phagosome-lysosome fusion in unelicited murine peritoneal macrophages following ingestion of yeast. Extracts from an avirulent strain were unable to produce a similar effect. Lipopolysaccharide from B abortus did not appear to be invol...
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A 16-month seroepizootiologic study of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) infection was conducted in a dairy herd. Results indicated that antibodies to BRSV present in serum from newborn calves were derived through the ingestion of colostrum. This passive immunity in calves became undetectabl...
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Transformation of peripheral blood lymphocytes from pony foals vaccinated and subsequently infected with Corynebacterium equi was studied. Three foals were vaccinated on two occasions using a formalinized C. equi vaccine with aluminum hydroxide as an adjuvant. Three nonvaccinated foals served as con...
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Pasteurella haemolytica was found to have a cytotoxic effect on the peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes of cattle, sheep, and goats, but no effect on the mononuclear leukocytes of swine, horses, or humans. In contrast, Escherichia coli caused marked cell death among mononuclear leukocytes of all...
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Cultured bovine alveolar macrophages phagocytosed formalized 125I-labeled Pasteurella haemolytica organisms poorly when compared with uptake of an identical number of radiolabeled Yersinia enterocolitica organisms. The presence of immune serum enhanced uptake of P haemolytica, yet at high bacteria-t...
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The host parasite system of the MSX parasite, Haplosporidium nelsoni, in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, poses many challenges for experimental study. The interactions that are involved in the development of the typically high prevalence and intensities of disease encountered in certain e...