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Gene expression Studies have opened a tremendous field of investigation in biological research over the last decades. Expression of genes is most frequently quantified by real time PCR (RT-qPCR), as this method has proven to be highly sensitive. One of the critical steps, however, in comparing trans...
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Juvenile brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) were experimentally infected with a Loma salmonae variant to assess its infectivity within a range of salmonid species. The study shows that after in...
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This study evaluates the ability of selenium (Se) supplementation to prevent experimental copper (Cu)-induced hepatocellular damage. Weanling male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to groups of 15, 3 groups (A,B,C) were fed Cu-loaded diets (containing 2000 microg/g copper, added as CuSO4) and ...
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A lectin that agglutinates rabbit red blood cells (RBCs) and human type B RBCs was isolated from ova of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss . Partial purification of this hemagglutinating material was achieved by affinity chromatography of an H sub(2)O-dialyzed yolk homogenate on rhamnose-linked Sepha...
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This study compared and contrasted the fate of the microsporidian Loma salmonae, a branchial pathogen of salmonids of the genus Oncorhynchus, upon exposure of (1) naive susceptible rainbow trout (RT) O. mykiss, (2) naive RT passively immunized with sera from RT previously exposed to L. salmonae, (3)...
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Three exposure studies were conducted to assess whether oral exposure of naive rainbow trout to Loma salmonae spores at 2 temperatures (10 and 14.5 degrees C) provides protection against disease upon rechallenge with spores; to repeat the study at 14.5 degrees C using fish which had recovered from e...
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Loma salmonae, an obligate intracellular microsporidian parasite, is the causal agent of microsporidial gill disease of salmon (MGDS), characterized by the production, growth and eventual rupture of spore-filled xenomas. MGDS in farmed chinook salmon remains occult until xenoma rupture, at which tim...
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The main objective of this investigation was to examine the ultrastructural features of gills from rainbow trout experimentally infected with Loma salmonae to determine the morphological events that occur during the late stages of development of this parasite. Peripheral distribution of the mature p...
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Following a per os challenge of naive rainbow trout with live spores of Loma salmonae, head kidney mononuclear cells (MNC) in culture were able to proliferate in response to crude soluble parasite extract or intact dead spores. A significant response was seen by week 2 post-exposure and a maximum re...
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Plasmacytoid leukaemia (PL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder that affects netpen-reared chinook salmon in British Columbia, Canada. The only diagnostic test for PL is histological evaluation of suspect fish. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) previously reported to react with tissues of PL-affected fish ...
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Immune response to fish microsporidia is still unknown and there are current research trying to elucidate the events involved in the immune response to this parasite. There is evidence suggesting the role of innate immune response and it is clear that adaptive immunity plays an essential part for el...
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The aim of this study was to determine the amount of excess dietary copper (Cu) necessary to experimentally induce liver lesions characteristic of Cu-associated disease in Fischer 344 rats. Male weanling Fischer 344 rats of uniform age were divided into 6 groups (n = 5) and fed a rodent diet contain...
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A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken in Quebec dairy herds to evaluate regional and provincial prevalences of herds with gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infections in lactating cows, and to determine risk factors associated with level of herd infection. The 5 most recently calved fir...
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Experimental infections with Piscirickettsia salmonis via intraperitoneal (IF), oral (PO) and gill (GS) routes were compared, and the importance of physical contact in the horizontal transmission of this organism was investigated. Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., under-yearling parr raised in fresh ...
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Bacterial diseases of the gills of commercially reared salmonids in freshwater are common problems. They accounted for 18% of all diagnostic submissions to the Atlantic Veterinary College from commercial fish hatcheries. Definitive diagnosis is difficult because of the growth characteristics of the ...
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The general objective of this study was to evaluate a crude Ostertagia ostertagi antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for monitoring gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cattle. A longitudinal study of gastrointestinal parasites in lactating dairy cows was carried out in 38 her...
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An indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA was used in late lactation milk samples from cows in confined and semi-confined dairy herds to determine if it could predict milk production response after endectocide treatment at calving. Holstein cows from 9 dairy farms from Prince Edward Island (PEI), 5 fro...
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Hemocytes Constitute the cellular part of the mollusc immune system and are involved in phagocytosis; the production of toxic oxygen radicals, antimicrobial peptides, opsonizing molecules, and lysozymes; digestion, excretion, and nutrient transport. In this study, we investigated the phenotypic resp...
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An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies against Ostertagia ostertagi using a crude adult worm antigen was evaluated using serum and milk samples from adult cows, as well as from bulk tank milk. Within and between plate repeatabilities were determined. In...
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The intracellular microsporidian parasite Loma salmonae affects salmonids of the genus Oncorhynchus and is a significant cause of economic losses in pen-reared Chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) in British Columbia. Loma salmonae infection is easily recognized by the xenomas that form in the gills, but...
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Monthly bulk-tank milk samples were obtained from 415 Nova Scotia dairy herds in each of the months of July-September 1998 and tested using an indirect microtitre ELISA against a crude saline-extract, whole-worm Ostertagia ostertagi antigen. ELISA results (optical densities (ODs)) were consistent ac...