Results

1 - 25 of 39
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The host-adherence strategies employed by Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, the etiological agent of an infectious bacteremia of salmonids, are poorly understood. In addition to the outer protein coat or S-layer, A. salmonicida has both Type I and Type IV pili loci. The A. salmonicida Type I...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The cell envelope of Aeromonas salmonicida contains a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) essential for the physical integrity and functioning of bacterial cell membrane. Using a recently developed in-source fragmentation technique, we screened 39 typical and atypical isolates of A. salmonicida and established...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Several immunostimulatory feed additives have shown the ability to induce protective responses in Atlantic salmon to infection with Lepeophtheirus salmonis. However, even the most encouraging results rarely surpass a 50% protective index in the host. That fact coupled with the well-documented limita...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Sturgeon are harvested worldwide for their meat and eggs, sold as caviar and are among the most economically important fish species worldwide. A generally low physiological response to external stimuli/stressors has been documented in these phylogenetically primitive species. Considering how little ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We investigated the interaction of temperature and copper (Cu) on mitochondrial bioenergetics to gain insight into how temperature fluctuations imposed by natural phenomena or anthropogenic activities would modulate the effects of Cu on cellular energy homeostasis. Mitochondria were isolated from ra...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
It is generally considered that stress causes decreased immune function in fish. In this study we examined in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus) the effects of both short- (a single 15s out of water) and long-term (4weeks of daily handling 15s out of water) stress on plasma cortisol (free and t...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Farmed fish provide an increasing fraction of the human food supply, and are of major economic importance in many countries. As in the case of terrestrial agriculture, bringing together large numbers of animals of a single species (i.e., monoculture) increases the risk of infectious disease outbreak...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Lepeophtheirus salmonis infections in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, have been characterized by little to no hyperplastic response and a biphasic immune response that results in chronic inflammation with tissue repair as the infection progresses. We hypothesized that CpG administration with prior lic...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Laboratory-reared pink and chum salmon juveniles (∼2g) received an intraperitoneal injection with a commercial, unadjuvanted Aeromonas salmonicida bacterin or sterile saline. Relative to elongation factor-1A, expression levels of genes encoding the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β-1 (IL-1...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Lepeophtheirus salmonis is an ectoparasitic copepod that can cause serious disease outbreaks in salmonids. Previous work has shown that Atlantic salmon Salmo salar show very little, if any, tissue response to infection, whereas less-susceptible host species exhibit strong inflammatory responses. The...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The consequences of high (735 copepodids fish-1) and low (243 copepodids fish-1) level exposures of size-matched juvenile pink and chum salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodids were examined. At both levels of exposure the prevalence and abundance of L. salmonis was significantly higher on chum ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Moritella viscosa is the causative agent of winter ulcer disease in salmonids reared in North-Atlantic countries. In this study the effects of selected M. viscosa antigens on cytotoxicity and pro-inflammatory gene expression in an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar Linnaeus) macrophage-like cell line (SHK...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Mycobacterium shottsii and M. pseudoshottsii are recently described mycobacteria commonly isolated from Chesapeake Bay striped bass Morone saxatilis. However, their distribution in striped bass outside of the Chesapeake region and their ability to infect alternative hosts have not been described. My...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Parasitic copepods, in particular sea lice, have considerable impacts upon global freshwater and marine fisheries, with major economic consequences recognized primarily in aquaculture. Sea lice have been a contentious issue with regards to interactions between farmed and wild populations of fish, in...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Control of sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, on farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, relies heavily on chemotherapeutants. However, reduced efficacy of many treatments and need for integrated sea lice management plans require innovative strategies. Resistance to emamectin benzoate (EMB), a major se...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The effect of reduced feed ration on infestation levels with the sea louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis and gene expression in juvenile pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha was tested in three laboratory trials. Body weight was significantly lower among fish on the reduced ration for 27, 34, or 65 d than f...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Fish embryos were used to evaluate the interaction among common environmental and chemical stressors found in urban coastal environments, namely hypoxia, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists, and estrogenic compounds. At the molecular level, the systems responding to these stressors share common...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Lepeophtheirus salmonis is an ectoparasitic copepod that causes serious disease outbreaks in both wild and farmed salmonids. As the relationship between L. salmonis and its hosts is not well understood, the current investigation was undertaken to investigate whether any immunomodulatory compounds co...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
This chapter covers the host range and specificity, morphology, life cycle, physiopathology, parasite-host interactions, role as disease vector and control and prevention (biological control, environmental approach, drug therapy, vaccination and insecticides) of Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus r...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
We have previously shown that Lepeophtheirus salmonis produces trypsin and prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) that are most likely responsible for the limited inflammatory response of Atlantic salmon to infection. After removal of the dopamine and PGE₂, the immunomodulatory activity of unfractionated and...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]