Results

1 - 25 of 79
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
While large numbers of hatchery reared salmonids have been stocked into the Great Lakes, few of these introduced populations have become self-substaining. Many salmonid populations are contaminated by organochlorine chemicals, and some experience embryonic and fry mortality when reared in hatcheries...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The responses of shortfin eel (Anguilla australis) to discharges from two pulp and paper mills, municipal wastewater, and a geothermal power plant wastewater were examined. Eels were caged at 3 sites along the Tarawera River, North Island, New Zealand, to explore effects of a 3-wk exposure down a co...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Two experiments using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were conducted to examine the combined effects of energy intake as manipulated by ration and pulp and paper mill effluent exposure over either one, or two consecutive reproductive cycles. This study demonstrated that the level of energy intak...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The acute lethality of low dissolved oxygen (DO) was examined in laboratory studies using several New Zealand freshwater fish and two invertebrates at 15 degree C. The 48-h LC sub(50) value was used as the endpoint for acute DO sensitivity as, owing to rapid mortality, this was found to best approxi...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Sewage effluent application to land is a treatment technology that requires appropriate consideration of various design factors. Soil type, level of sewage pre-treatment and irrigation rate were assessed for their influence on the success of soil treatment in removing pharmaceuticals remaining after...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Rana pipiens and R. clamitans were evaluated during 1993-94 at 8 wetland sites in Ontario, Canada, 4 of which were within apple orchards, to determine if environmental changes associated with orchard management affected measured biological parameters. Size, age, genetic variation, condition indices,...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Fish collected from the receiving areas of 12 Canadian pulp mills were examined, including sites receiving effluent from kraft mills using chlorine as well as sulfite mills. Field collections included sampling of receiving water for chemistry and toxicity testing, and sampling of local fish for orga...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of chronic exposure to municipal sewage treatment effluent at environmentally relevant concentrations on immune parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), including the assessment of potential differences in reactivity betwe...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Chemicals released into the environment by anthropogenic activities have been linked to estrogenic or androgenic effects in exposed wildlife, and there is a need to develop and validate rapid and cost-effective methods to quantify the total estrogenic and androgenic activity of environmental water s...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
For the last 20 years, studies conducted in North America, Scandinavia, and New Zealand have shown that pulp and paper mill effluents affect fish reproduction. Despite the level of effort applied, few leads are available regarding the factors responsible. Effluents affect reproduction in multiple fi...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Adult yellow perch (Perca flavescens) were stocked into experimental ponds designed to emulate possible aquatic reclamation alternatives of the oil sands mining industry. After 5 and 11 months, mixed-function oxygenase (MFO) activity, Liver conjugation enzymes, bile polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Impairment of immune function in aquatic animals has been proposed as a possible consequence of low-level contamination of surface waters with anthropogenic substances such as through the discharge of wastewater into rivers, lakes, and oceans. The study at hand investigated the effects of chronic (3...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Twelve samples of minced liver from white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) were delivered to 14 laboratories in Canada and the United States for the analysis of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD). Samples were collected from a site exposed to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent (BKME) and from ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Under the Canadian Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) program for pulp and paper effluents, the observation of a national response pattern of decreased gonad size and increased fish condition and liver size has triggered a centralized multiagency investigation of cause (IOC) of reproductive impa...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Over a 4-year period from 1990 to 1993, the H4IIE bioassay was used to measure 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin toxic equivalent concentrations (TECs) in the liver tissue of white sucker exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent. During two of the sampling periods, the H4IIE bioassay derived TECs (...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Temperature data loggers were deployed in several northern Alberta lakes, and the data collected were used to compute the cumulative number of days for which water temperature exceeded the 13.5 degrees C minimum temperature required for yellow perch (Perca flavescens) growth. Tow-net and seine sampl...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to 0, 10, 30, and 70% (v/v) of a secondary-treated, integrated thermomechanical-bleached kraft pulp and paper mill effluent. The immunological parameters oxidative burst and phagocytosis of head kidney macrophages and total and differential c...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of a thermomechanical (TMP)/bleached kraft pulp and paper mill effluent (BKME), dehydroabietic acid (DHAA), hypoxia, and combinations of hypoxia and effluent on juvenile rainbow trout. In the first two experiments, trout were exposed for 4 weeks to 0...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
A system for the removal and control of dissolved oxygen (DO) from freshwater was designed and constructed with aquarium-type fish studies in mind. Degassed water was obtained using a partial vacuum of -14 psi, and DO regulated at an aquarium scale using electronically controlled aeration with timed...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to 1.5 and 15% v/v secondary treated sewage effluent for 32 weeks in flow-through mesocosms. The exposure encompassed the full period of reproductive development for rainbow trout. Trout did not show any evidence of a dose-dependent change in growth. ...
[Page generation failure. The bibliography processor requires a browser with Javascript enabled.]
White sucker (Catostomus commersoni) caged for 3 days in a bleached kraft mill effluent (BKME) stream had elevated mixed function oxygenase (MFO) activities 15-90 fold those of fish caged in a reference stream. Liver composites of male and female fish were ground and extracted with dichloromethane (...