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Twelve samples of minced liver from white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) were delivered to 14 laboratories in Canada and the United States for the analysis of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD). Samples were collected from a site exposed to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent (BKME) and from ...
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Under the Canadian Environmental Effects Monitoring (EEM) program for pulp and paper effluents, the observation of a national response pattern of decreased gonad size and increased fish condition and liver size has triggered a centralized multiagency investigation of cause (IOC) of reproductive impa...
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Temperature data loggers were deployed in several northern Alberta lakes, and the data collected were used to compute the cumulative number of days for which water temperature exceeded the 13.5 degrees C minimum temperature required for yellow perch (Perca flavescens) growth. Tow-net and seine sampl...
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Over a 4-year period from 1990 to 1993, the H4IIE bioassay was used to measure 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin toxic equivalent concentrations (TECs) in the liver tissue of white sucker exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent. During two of the sampling periods, the H4IIE bioassay derived TECs (...
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Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to 0, 10, 30, and 70% (v/v) of a secondary-treated, integrated thermomechanical-bleached kraft pulp and paper mill effluent. The immunological parameters oxidative burst and phagocytosis of head kidney macrophages and total and differential c...
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Experiments were conducted to examine the effects of a thermomechanical (TMP)/bleached kraft pulp and paper mill effluent (BKME), dehydroabietic acid (DHAA), hypoxia, and combinations of hypoxia and effluent on juvenile rainbow trout. In the first two experiments, trout were exposed for 4 weeks to 0...
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A system for the removal and control of dissolved oxygen (DO) from freshwater was designed and constructed with aquarium-type fish studies in mind. Degassed water was obtained using a partial vacuum of -14 psi, and DO regulated at an aquarium scale using electronically controlled aeration with timed...
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White sucker (Catostomus commersoni) caged for 3 days in a bleached kraft mill effluent (BKME) stream had elevated mixed function oxygenase (MFO) activities 15-90 fold those of fish caged in a reference stream. Liver composites of male and female fish were ground and extracted with dichloromethane (...
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Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to 1.5 and 15% v/v secondary treated sewage effluent for 32 weeks in flow-through mesocosms. The exposure encompassed the full period of reproductive development for rainbow trout. Trout did not show any evidence of a dose-dependent change in growth. ...
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The effects of point-source and diffuse discharges on resident populations of brown bullhead catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus (LeSueur, 1819)) in the Waikato River (New Zealand) were assessed at sites both upstream and downstream of point-source discharges. At each site, the population parameters, relati...
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For livers of lake trout from three Great Lakes sites, the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) equivalent concentrations (TEQs) were determined in four ways. Bioassay-derived (BD) TEQs were measured with rat (H4IIE) and rainbow trout (RTL-W 1) cell lines, and chemistry-derived (CD) TEQs were ...
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The acute and chronic effects of secondary-treated effluent from a New Zealand pulp and paper mill were assessed using both long-term adult and early life stage (ELS) laboratory exposures of rainbow trout. The relative impact of maternal exposure versus ELS exposure was assessed by a comparison of d...
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In this study, the immune reactions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined, after exposure to 10, 30 and 70% of tertiary-treated municipal sewage effluent for 27 days. Exposures were conducted concurrently with and without an immune challenge using intraperitoneal injections of inactiv...
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In order to test the viability of oil sands aquatic reclamation techniques, yellow perch (Perca flavescens) were stocked into three experimental ponds. Pond substrates consisted of either oil sands fine tailings or clay and lean oil sands deposited by the mining operations. Yellow perch were stocked...
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Reproductive impairment in fishes exposed to pulp and paper effluent has been observed in the wild for three decades. Despite intense research, identification of causative agents, if indeed the changes are strictly chemically mediated, has yet to be achieved. This review examines the body of researc...
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Toxic equivalent factors (TEFs) for eight polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) congeners were derived with a rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cell line, RTL-W1, and compared with TEFs obtained with a rat hepatoma cell line, H4IIE. Cells were exposed to a...
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This study examined the hypothesis that chlorine dioxide bleaching used in pulp and paper production causes the formation of reproductive-endocrine disrupting compounds from plant sterols. This was tested by conducting a laboratory simulation of the chlorine dioxide oxidation of two plant sterols, b...
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Levels of selected non-, mono-, and di-ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) were determined in 4-year-old lake trout from the eastern basin of Lake Ontario, collected from 1977 to 1993. Result...
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