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Stressors such as chronic hyperglycemia or hyperlipidemia may lead to insufficient insulin secretion in susceptible individuals, contributing to type 2 diabetes. The molecules mediating this effect are just beginning to be identified. Uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 may be one such negative modulator of ...
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We hypothesized that the loss of glucose homeostasis in ob/ob mice is associated with upregulation of islet uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) expression, leading to impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Changes in glucose homeostasis in lean and ob/ob mice from 5 to 16 weeks were assessed ...
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Chronic exposure to elevated free fatty acids (lipotoxicity) induces uncoupling protein (UCP2) in the pancreatic beta-cell, and therefore a causal link between UCP2 and beta-cell defects associated with obesity may exist. Recently, we showed that lipid treatment in vivo and in vitro in UCP2(-/-) mic...
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Voltage-dependent (Kv) outward K(+) currents repolarize beta-cell action potentials during a glucose stimulus to limit Ca(2+) entry and insulin secretion. Dominant-negative "knockout" of Kv2 family channels enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Here we show that a putative Kv2.1 a...
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Uncoupling protein-2, discovered in 1997, belongs to a family of inner mitochondrial membrane proteins that, in general, function as carriers. The function(s) of uncoupling protein-2 have not yet been definitively described. However, mounting evidence suggests that uncoupling protein-2 could act in ...
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Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP-2) mRNA expression has been shown to be altered by metabolic conditions such as obesity in humans, but its functional significance is unknown. The expression of UCP-2 mRNA and protein in normal rat islets was established by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction an...
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We investigated whether an increase in cAMP could normalize glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) overexpressing (ucp2-OE) beta-cells. Indices of beta-cell (beta-TC-6f7 cells and rodent islets) function were measured after induction of ucp2, in the presence or ab...