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Analogues of adenosine were injected intrathecally into rats implanted with chronic indwelling cannulae in order to determine a rank order of potency and hence characterize adenosine receptors involved in spinal antinociception. In the tail flick test L-N6-phenylisopropyl adenosine (L-PIA), cyclohex...
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Several lines of evidence suggest that L-type Ca2+ channels (1,4-dihydropyridine receptors) are modulated by GTP-binding proteins. We have further examined this interaction by measuring the effect of 1,4-dihydropyridines on GTPase activity in brain membranes. Dihydropyridine agonists significantly i...
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The preceding review indicates that there is convincing evidence for the presence of adenosine in and release of adenosine from capsaicin-sensitive small diameter primary afferent neurons in the spinal cord (Fig. 1). Within the dorsal spinal cord, adenosine inhibits the transmission of nociceptive i...
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The identity and role of G proteins in coupling adenosine receptors to effectors have been studied to a limited degree. We have identified the G proteins whose GTPase activity is stimulated by adenosine receptor agonists in neuronal membranes. (R)-Phenylisopropyladenosine, 2-chloroadenosine, and N-e...
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) consists of two phases: an immediate phase in which damage is caused as a direct result of the mechanical impact; and a late phase of altered biochemical events that results in delayed tissue damage and is therefore amenable to therapeutic treatment. Because the molecula...
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The overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is a common underlying mechanism of many neuropathologies, as they have been shown to damage various cellular components, including proteins, lipids and DNA. Free radicals, especially superoxide (O(2)*-), and non...
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Pomegranate phytochemicals / Navindra P. Seeram ... [et al.] -- Antioxidative properties of pomegranate : in vitro studies / Mira Rosenblat and Michael Aviram -- Bioavailability of pomegranate polyphenols / Francisco A. Tom?s-Barber?n, Navindra P. Seeram, and Juan Carlos Esp?n -- Protection against ...
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In the present study the neuronal source of adenosine released by K+, morphine and norepinephrine (NE) from the spinal cord was investigated. Intrathecal pretreatment with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine and 6-hydroxydopamine reduced spinal 5-hydroxytryptamine and NE levels, respectively, but had no effect ...
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Spinal analgesia produced by morphine is blocked by methylxanthine adenosine receptor antagonists. In biochemical studies, morphine releases adenosine from spinal cord synaptosomes prepared from the dorsal spinal cord, as well as from the intact spinal cord in vivo. Adenosine release is reduced by i...
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Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of morphine produces antinociception which is antagonized by intrathecal (i.t.) injection of adenosine receptor antagonists, suggesting that adenosine release from the spinal cord may partially mediate antinociception produced by supraspinal morphine. ...
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These is debate about the mechanisms mediating adenosine release from neurons. In this study, the release of adenosine evoked by depolarizing cultured cerebellar granule neurons with 50 mM K+ was inhibited by 49 +/- 7% in Ca2+-free medium. The remaining release was blocked by dipyridamole (IC50 = 6....
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