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Several lines of evidence suggest that L-type Ca2+ channels (1,4-dihydropyridine receptors) are modulated by GTP-binding proteins. We have further examined this interaction by measuring the effect of 1,4-dihydropyridines on GTPase activity in brain membranes. Dihydropyridine agonists significantly i...
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5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) releases a purine nucleotide, which is subsequently converted to adenosine, from primary afferent nerve terminals in vitro. This release may mediate spinal antinociception by 5-HT. In the present study, we have investigated whether release also occurs from the spinal cord ...
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5-Hydroxytryptamine (serotonin, 5-HT) increased the release of endogenous adenosine from dorsal, but not ventral, spinal cord synaptosomes. This release was reduced by (i) the 5-HT receptor antagonist methysergide, (ii) removal of Ca2+ from the medium, (iii) inhibition of ecto-5'-nucleotidase a...
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1. Toxins from invertebrates have proved useful tools for investigation of the properties of ion channels. In this study we describe the actions of arginine polyamine which is believed to be a close analogue of FTX, a polyamine isolated from the American funnel web spider, Agelenopsis aperta. 2. Vol...
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The identity and role of G proteins in coupling adenosine receptors to effectors have been studied to a limited degree. We have identified the G proteins whose GTPase activity is stimulated by adenosine receptor agonists in neuronal membranes. (R)-Phenylisopropyladenosine, 2-chloroadenosine, and N-e...
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Administration of adenosine A1 receptor agonists in vivo is neuroprotective in various stroke models. Experiments using either mixed cultures of neurons and astrocytes or brain slices, in which several cell types are present, have demonstrated that activation of A1 receptors also id protective again...
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Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences Conference entitled "Oxidative/Energy metabolism in neurodegenerative disorders"
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These is debate about the mechanisms mediating adenosine release from neurons. In this study, the release of adenosine evoked by depolarizing cultured cerebellar granule neurons with 50 mM K+ was inhibited by 49 +/- 7% in Ca2+-free medium. The remaining release was blocked by dipyridamole (IC50 = 6....
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Spinal analgesia produced by morphine is blocked by methylxanthine adenosine receptor antagonists. In biochemical studies, morphine releases adenosine from spinal cord synaptosomes prepared from the dorsal spinal cord, as well as from the intact spinal cord in vivo. Adenosine release is reduced by i...
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The overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is a common underlying mechanism of many neuropathologies, as they have been shown to damage various cellular components, including proteins, lipids and DNA. Free radicals, especially superoxide (O(2)*-), and non...
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Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the number one cause of disability and death in North America. Thus, strategies (e.g. diet modification, drugs) to manage hypertension are essential. Lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium) are rich in polyphenolic antioxidants wh...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the major mediators of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, is crucial to regulate ECM proteolysis, which is important in metastasis. This study examined the effects of 3 flavonoid-enriched fractions (a crude fraction, an anthocyanin-enriched fr...