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Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, which are required for DNA synthesis and DNA repair. We have tested the hypothesis that malignant cell populations contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling...
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Oncostatin M (OSM) is a growth and differentiation factor which has been shown to exert both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tissue invasion in various cell lines. Tissue invasion is a key marker of metastases and can be monitored by examining activities associated with ECM degradation such as...
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In the present study, the expression and the regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) was examined in a series of oncogene transformed cell lines. The expression of both ODC and SAMDC was found to correlate with the nature of the oncogene expressed a...
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We compared the nucleosomal organization, histone H1 subtypes, and histone H1 phosphorylated isoforms of ras-transformed and parental 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts. In agreement with previous studies, we found that ras-transformed mouse fibroblasts have a less condensed chromatin structure than normal fi...
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Matrix metalloproteinase expression was examined in a series of mammalian cell lines of varying degrees of malignant progression, The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was found to correlate with ras-mediated cellular transformation and as a function of malignant potential. Altered MMP-2 and MMP-9 expre...
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The reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, a rate-limiting step in DNA synthesis, is catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase. This enzyme is composed of two components, M1 and M2. Recent work has shown that inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase by the antitumor drug hydroxyurea leads t...
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Alterations in cellular growth are important in the progression of malignant disease. Cell growth regulation by tumour promoters can be complex. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in phorbol ester tumour promoter mediated regulation during malignant conversion and the ex...
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Each year, potato late blight [Phytophthora erythroseptica] and pink rot [PhytolAthora erythroscptica] are responsible for significant postharvest economic losses. Because of restrictions on the use of synthetic fungicides on food, there is Currently a need for less toxic, disease-controlling compou...
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We have tested the hypothesis that H-ras transformed cells contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling the expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the highly regulated rate-limiting activity in the biosynthesis of polyamines. Mouse 10T1/2 fibroblasts and a series of 10T1/2 H...
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Previous investigations have indicated that the suppression of proliferation by transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-1 is often lost upon cellular transformation, and that proliferation of some tumors is stimulated by TGF-beta. The present study provides the first observation of a link between TGF-...
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Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) expression was investigated in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts that secrete K-FGF. Correlations between altered ODC and SAMDC expression and malignant potential were determined. Increased ODC and SAMDC expression was associated with in...
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The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play key roles in tumour formation and malignant progression. The present study demonstrates alterations in the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression in response to the phorbol ester tumour promoter, PMA, in a H-ras transforme...
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An expression vector was constructed in which TGF-beta-1 was placed under the control of the metallothionein promoter. Cys223 and Cys225 in the TGF-beta-1 propeptide were converted to serines, mutations which result in dissociation of the pro-peptide and secretion of bioactive TGF-beta-1 [Brunner,A....
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This study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) expression during malignant conversion. H-ras-transformed cell lines exhibited PDGF-mediated alterations in ODC gene expression. These alterations involved tr...
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Cell growth regulation by fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) is highly complex. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in bFGF regulation during malignant conversion and the expression of ornithine decarboxylase, a key rate-limiting and regulatory activity in the biosynthesis ...
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Mammalian ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity essential for DNA synthesis and repair. The activity and message levels of the enzyme are elevated in cells treated with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, and this appears to be mediated through specific cis ele...
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Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) flavonoid-containing fractions have been shown to inhibit MMP activity (MMP-2/-9) in DU145 prostate cancer cells. This study examined the effect of a whole cranberry extract on MMP activity in DU145 cells. MMP-2/-9 activity was inhibited by this cranberry extract ...
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Ribonucleotide reductase is a key rate-limiting and regulatory step in DNA synthesis and plays a crucial role in the coordination of DNA synthesis, DNA repair, and cell proliferation. The present study demonstrates a link between alterations in TGF-beta(1) regulation during malignant conversion and ...
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Inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation is frequently lost during malignant transformation and occasionally, tumour cell proliferation is actually stimulated by transforming growth factor beta (1) (TGF-beta (1)). The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in TGF-beta ...
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