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Ribonucleotide reductase provides the four deoxyribonucleotides required for the synthesis of DNA. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that alterations in the regulation of ribonucleotide reductase activity may be necessary to provide the deoxyribonucleotides required for DNA repair, following...
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Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, which are required for DNA synthesis and DNA repair. We have tested the hypothesis that malignant cell populations contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling...
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Matrix metalloproteinase expression was examined in a series of mammalian cell lines of varying degrees of malignant progression, The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was found to correlate with ras-mediated cellular transformation and as a function of malignant potential. Altered MMP-2 and MMP-9 expre...
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In the present study, the expression and the regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) was examined in a series of oncogene transformed cell lines. The expression of both ODC and SAMDC was found to correlate with the nature of the oncogene expressed a...
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Mammalian ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity essential for DNA synthesis and repair. The activity and message levels of the enzyme are elevated in cells treated with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, and this appears to be mediated through specific cis ele...
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Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world, and its prevalence is expected to increase appreciably in the coming decades. As such, more research is necessary to understand the etiology, progression and possible preventative measures to delay or to stop the development of this dis...
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An expression vector was constructed in which TGF-beta-1 was placed under the control of the metallothionein promoter. Cys223 and Cys225 in the TGF-beta-1 propeptide were converted to serines, mutations which result in dissociation of the pro-peptide and secretion of bioactive TGF-beta-1 [Brunner,A....
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Cell growth regulation by fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) is highly complex. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in bFGF regulation during malignant conversion and the expression of ornithine decarboxylase, a key rate-limiting and regulatory activity in the biosynthesis ...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the major mediators of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, is crucial to regulate ECM proteolysis, which is important in metastasis. This study examined the effects of 3 flavonoid-enriched fractions (a crude fraction, an anthocyanin-enriched fr...
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The reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, a rate-limiting step in DNA synthesis, is catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase. This enzyme is composed of two components, M1 and M2. Recent work has shown that inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase by the antitumor drug hydroxyurea leads t...
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Natural 'bioactive' factors have the ability to attenuate atherogenesis in in vitro and in vivo models. The effects of cranberry on the expression of two inflammation-linked enzymes, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), were examined in aortic smooth muscle ...
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Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) flavonoid-containing fractions have been shown to inhibit MMP activity (MMP-2/-9) in DU145 prostate cancer cells. This study examined the effect of a whole cranberry extract on MMP activity in DU145 cells. MMP-2/-9 activity was inhibited by this cranberry extract ...
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Previous investigations have indicated that the suppression of proliferation by transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-1 is often lost upon cellular transformation, and that proliferation of some tumors is stimulated by TGF-beta. The present study provides the first observation of a link between TGF-...
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Mammalian S-adenosylmethionine Decarboxylase (SAMDC) is a regulatory activity, which is involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines. The polyamines, namely putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are essential for mammalian cell proliferation. SAMDC expression was examined in a H-ras transformed cell c...
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We compared the nucleosomal organization, histone H1 subtypes, and histone H1 phosphorylated isoforms of ras-transformed and parental 10T1/2 mouse fibroblasts. In agreement with previous studies, we found that ras-transformed mouse fibroblasts have a less condensed chromatin structure than normal fi...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP a...
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The present study demonstrates alterations in the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression in response to insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in a H-ras transformed cell line, C3, which is capable of metastasis formation. These changes in MMP-2 expression in response to IGF-1 tre...
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Cell growth regulation is a highly complex process. The present study demonstrates a novel link between alterations in insulin-mediated regulation during malignant conversion and the expression of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, a key regulatory activity in the biosynthesis of polyamines. H-ras ...
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Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) expression was investigated in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts that secrete K-FGF. Correlations between altered ODC and SAMDC expression and malignant potential were determined. Increased ODC and SAMDC expression was associated with in...
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