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The medical records of 22 dogs and 2 cats in which generalized peritonitis had been treated by open peritoneal drainage were reviewed. The age of the affected animals ranged from 5 months to 14 years. The causes of peritonitis were numerous, with the most common being leakage of gastrointestinal con...
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Left laryngeal hemiplegia was induced by resection of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve in 12 dogs. A neuromuscular pedicle graft formed from the first cervical nerve and sternothyroideus muscle was transplanted after 1 week to the denervated cricoarytenoideus dorsalis muscle in 8 dogs. The remaini...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative signs of discomfort and complications associated with use of CO2 laser for onychectomy with those of the scalpel technique in cats. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, masked clinical trial. ANIMALS: 20 client-owned cats. PROCEDURE: Forelimb feet (right, left) were r...
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Oral and i.v. cyclosporine (Cs) pharmacokinetics determined from radioimmunoassay (RIA) data were compared in normal and pancreatectomized dogs. An altered pharmacokinetics of Cs was observed in the pancreatectomized dogs that include: a 170% larger central compartment volume; a 34% greater total-bo...
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Closure with a simple continuous pattern using absorbable suture was evaluated in 18 cats that underwent perineal urethrostomy from 2000 to 2002. The perineal urethrostomy was performed in a similar manner in all the cats, and either 4-0 or 5-0 polydioxanone was used for closure. Cats were evaluated...
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Ages of 44 dogs with perianal fistula, ranged from 6 months to 13 years (mean, 5.2 years). German Shepherd Dogs and Irish Setters were statistically (P less than 0.01) over-represented compared with those breeds in a canine hospital population (n = 22,047) for the same period. There was a 2:1 male-t...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether atropine altered the degree of mucosal eversion during jejunal resection and anastomosis in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Part I: Prospective, blinded, randomized, controlled study using a therapeutic dose (0.04 mg/kg systemic) of atropine. Part II: Prospective, unblinded, a...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the primary critical ischemia time for the deep circumflex iliac (DCI) cutaneous flap in cats. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo model. ANIMALS: Thirteen young adult female cats. METHODS: An island skin flap was created on the right side of each cat based on the angiosome of the ventral b...
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OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate surgical approaches to the arteries and veins of the head and neck for use as potential recipient vessels for free tissue transfer. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental anatomic study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eleven canine cadavers; 2 preserved cadavers and 9 fresh cadavers. METH...
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The purpose of the anatomical study was to identify potential myoperitoneal microvascular free flaps, in dogs, that are based on a single artery and vein. The angiosomes of the right deep circumflex iliac artery and left phrenicoabdominal (cranial abdominal) artery were evaluated in six medium-sized...
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Liquid barium esophagography was done in 29 clinically normal Chinese Shar Pei pups and observed fluoroscopically, beginning when they were approximately 3 months old and repeated periodically until they were at least 18 months old, if possible. Of these dogs, 69% had relatively slow stimulation of ...
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A high incidence of dissolution and disruption of infected autogenous vein grafts has been demonstrated. PTFE, on the other hand, has been shown to maintain its structural integrity in the presence of well-entrenched infection, with a relatively small incidence of anastomotic disruption related to h...
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In studies of 252 healthy cats admitted for forepaw onychectomy, the animals were allocated to 1 of 4 treatment groups. The 2 onychectomy techniques were disarticulation amputation of the third phalanx (P3) or bony amputation, leaving the remnant of the flexor process of P3 in situ. Cats in each ony...
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Twenty-seven German shepherd dogs with perianal fistulas and histological evidence of colitis were entered in a prospective clinical study to investigate the association between perianal fistula and colitis. Additionally, the response of perianal fistula disease to immunosuppressive doses of prednis...
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This study evaluates the cranial rectus abdominus muscle pedicle flap as the sole blood supply for the caudal superficial epigastric skin flap. This flap was composed of a cranially based rectus abdominus muscle pedicle flap that was attached to the caudal superficial epigastric island skin flap (in...
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