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A sample of 3 dairy herds served by the same private veterinary practice was selected on the basis of similarity of size, calf-rearing practices and owners cooperation. All animals were tested for paratuberculosis 3 or 4 times at 6-month intervals by faecal culture, (ELISA), agar-gel immunodiffusion...
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Veterinary medicine in relation to food safety, food production technology (the food chain), foodborne diseases and consumer protection are the leading topics of this book, which has expanded considerably since the first edition of 1991. It is mainly about the inspection of meat and milk (and to a l...
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Erythropoietin is a glycoprotein produced endogenously in the kidney, which stimulates red blood cell production. We evaluated the effects of chronic treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin alfa: EPO) on the performance of 6-month-old male C57BL/6J mice in a spatial learning task, t...
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One hundred and thirtyone faecal samples from cattle clinically suspected of having paratuberculosis were processed using the sedimentation culture method (SM) and the centrifugation culture method (CM) before inoculation into Herrold's egg yolk medium containing mycobactin J (M1), control medi...
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Fecal samples from 131 cattle clinically suspect for paratuberculosis were cultured bacteriologically, using the traditional sedimentation processing method and a processing method that included a centrifugation step. Of 16 samples that were contaminated, 6 were culture-positive on at least 1 medium...
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OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features of prostate cancer in Senegalese men and compare these features with those found in African-American and white American men. METHODS: We identified an unselected series of 121 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed at two hospitals in Dakar, Senegal bet...
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There is limited scientific information on relationships among smallholder dairy group membership duration, sustainable livelihoods, food and nutrition security in developing countries, and whether nutrition education of women dairy farmers enhances the nutritional benefits of being a dairy group me...
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The Canadian lobster industry holds lobsters Homarus americanus in captivity for various periods to supply markets with live product year-round. Mortality during holding results in considerable losses, estimated at 10 to 15 % yr(-1) by the industry. This study examined the prevalence of Anophryoides...
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Microorganisms of the genus Mycobacterium cause tuberculosis in many animal species including humans. Generally, Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) infects cattle and cervids, but it has the potential to infect virtually all species of mammals. This study examined and analysed the data from the nine out...
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This report describes the first 4 years of an experimental rotation in ecosystem health offered to senior veterinary students in Canada. Faculty from the 4 Canadian veterinary colleges collaborated in offering the rotation once annually at one of the colleges. The first rotation was held in Guelph, ...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of infrared spectroscopy for diagnosis of traumatic arthritis in horses. ANIMALS: 48 horses with traumatic arthritis and 5 clinically and radiographically normal horses. PROCEDURES: Synovial fluid samples were collected from 77 joints in 48 horses with traumatic arthritis....
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We describe 4 years of an experimental rotation in ecosystem health offered to senior veterinary students in Canada. Faculty from the 4 Canadian veterinary colleges collaborated in offering the rotation once annually at 1 of the colleges. The 1st rotation was held in Guelph in 1993, followed in succ...
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Herd prevalence and incidence of mastitis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae was determined for dairy cattle on Prince Edward Island during December 1992 and June 1994. For each census, bulk tank milk samples from all dairy herds (n = 452) in the province were tested on two occasions, and the result...
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Sow and feeder pig productivity were measured on a random sample of 32 Prince Edward Island swine farms (each producing over 1000 market hogs per year). Productivity parameters could be arranged in a hierarchy, with the highest level on farrow-finish operations represented by pigs weaned per sow per...
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Experimental infections with Piscirickettsia salmonis via intraperitoneal (IF), oral (PO) and gill (GS) routes were compared, and the importance of physical contact in the horizontal transmission of this organism was investigated. Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., under-yearling parr raised in fresh ...
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The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for productivity losses in the Canadian lobster industry. Lobster handling and fishing practices onboard 64 fishing boats and transportation conditions on 49 vehicles subsequently transporting these lobsters from fishing wharves to processing ...
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This study describes and compares lobster fishing and handling practices on various boats, transportation conditions between fishing wharfs and processing plants, and health assessments of lobsters followed from the time of harvest to the time of arrival at the processing plants during the spring an...
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A retrospective cross-sectional survey of dog-owning veterinary clients was undertaken in 1996 in three Canadian provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to generate a population of dogs for future use in a more detailed survey on canine behaviour. The questionnaire was desig...
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