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Altered functioning of the glutamate system during critical periods of development is believed to play a role in various neurodevelopmental disorders, such as schizophrenia. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is deficient in people with schizophrenia. This study investigated ...
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The present study examined the effects of neonatal exposure to serial low dose injections of the glutamate agonist, domoic acid (DOM), on learning and memory in two spatial memory tasks in the rat. Neonatal Sprague Dawley rats were given single daily injections of low dose DOM (20 microg/kg) over po...
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Developing new therapeutants for stroke requires animal models in which typical stroke outcomes can be detected. In rats, temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) closely resembles reversible human ischemic stroke, but most neuroprotection studies have used limited, short-term (1-2 w...
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Historically, all commercially available kainic acid has been derived from a single biological source using a consistent method of extraction and purification. That source became unavailable in 1995. Recently, three new commercial suppliers of kainic acid have made the product available, but the sou...
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It is well established that the developing brain is a highly dynamic environment that is susceptible to toxicity produced by a number of pharmacological, chemical and environmental insults. We report herein on permanent behavioural and morphological changes produced by exposing newborn rats to very ...
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Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is a measure of sensory motor gating, and is affected in various neuropsychiatric disorders. Although PPI has been used extensively to study both the neural effects of such conditions, as well as in the search for animal models, a number of ...
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Activity in the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is linked to responses to novelty, reward, and drug-seeking behaviours. Glutamate signaling, through kainate receptors, has been shown to modulate dopamine release in this pathway. In the present study, a low, overtly non-convulsive dose of the kaina...
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While it is known that glutamate is critical to CNS development and function, less is known about the role of kainate receptors, a subclass of ionotropic glutamate receptors, during ontogeny. This is especially true with respect to the emergence and expression of behaviour. It is also known that the...
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Schizophrenia is a debilitating neurological disorder characterized by positive, negative, cognitive and/or emotional symptoms. Decreased social interaction is a common negative symptom. Social interaction can be readily observed in rats and is therefore an ideal target behaviour when evaluating an ...
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In this study, neonatal rats were chronically exposed to low, non-convulsive doses of the kainate receptor agonist domoic acid (DOM), or saline. Later, as adolescents, all animals were tested in a nicotine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm. As expected, a nicotine-induced CPP was e...
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Cumulative behavioural toxicity was measured in groups of male and female rat pups (n=6/sex) at different stages of postnatal development. Dose-response curves (DRCs) for toxicity produced by domoic acid (DOM) were generated using animals on postnatal days (PND) 0, 5, 14, and 22, using a behavioural...
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postsynaptic density-95 inhibitors reduce ischemic brain damage without inhibiting excitatory neurotransmission, circumventing the negative consequences of glutamatergic inhibition. However, their efficacy in permanent ischemia and in providing permanent neuroprotection and n...
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Osmotic minipumps are often used as an alternative to repetitive injections for prolonged drug delivery in adult rats. The appropriateness of using this technology for sustained drug delivery in newborn rats, however, has not been validated. Our objective was to determine if implantation of osmotic ...
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Constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT), which forces use of the impaired arm following stroke, improves functional recovery. The mechanisms underlying recovery are not well understood, necessitating further investigation into how rehabilitation may affect neuroplasticity using animal models. Ani...
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Aim: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), which forces use of the impaired arm following unilateral stroke, promotes functional recovery in the clinic but animal models of CIMT have yielded mixed results. The aim of this study is to develop a refined endothelin-1 (ET-1) model of focal ischemi...
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Epilepsy research relies heavily on animal models that mimic some, or all, of the clinical symptoms observed. We have previously described a new developmental rat model of epilepsy that demonstrates both behavioural seizures and changes in hippocampal morphology. In the current study we investigated...
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We have previously reported that neonatal rats display enhanced sensitivity to domoic acid relative to adults, and that perinatal injections of low doses of domoic acid alter early associational learning in the newborn rat. The current study was designed to further investigate the effects of low dos...
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Following stroke, impairments in arm function are common motor deficits in survivors, affecting thousands of people each year. A useful technique used in clinical rehabilitation of patients with arm impairments is to force use of the impaired arm through constraint of the unaffected (or less affecte...
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Schizophrenia is a devastating neurological disorder that affects approximately 1% of the population and is characterized by positive, negative, and/or cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms are associated with increased glutamate (Glu) and/or dopamine (DA) signaling in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) w...
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Schizophrenia is a complex and severe mental disorder characterized by positive, negative and cognitive symptoms. Characteristic behavioral alterations reflecting these categories of symptoms have been observed in many animal models of this disorder, and are consistent with those manifested in the c...
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Deficits in attention have long been identified as a core feature in schizophrenia and related neuropsychiatric disorders. We have investigated the combined effects of neonatal treatment with domoic acid (DOM) and social isolation rearing (both putative animal models of schizophrenia) on latent inhi...
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