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Photoacoustic (or more precisely, photothermoacoustic) signals are generated by the absorption of photons, expressed as acoustic waves, and can be related to the incident laser fluence rate. Here a calibration procedure for frequency domain (FD) photoacoustics is presented which utilizes the relatio...
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Laser thermal therapy uses near-infrared optical energy to heat and thereby treat diseased tissues such as solid tumors. A method to monitor the progress of laser thermal therapy by detecting temperature-induced changes in optical propagation has been developed. The advantage of a point optical moni...
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Dynamic changes in internal light fluence were measured during interstitial laser heating of tissue phantoms and ex vivo bovine liver. In albumen phantoms, the results demonstrate an unexpected rise in optical power transmitted approximate to1 cm. away from the source during laser exposure at low po...
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Background and Objectives: Fluoroptic sensors are used to measure interstitial temperatures but their utility for monitoring laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is unclear because these sensors exhibit a measurement artefact when exposed to the near-infrared (NIR) treatment light. This study i...
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Interstitial fiber-optic-based approaches used in both diagnostic and therapeutic applications rely on localized light-tissue interactions. We present an optical technique to identify spectrally and spatially specific exogenous chromophores in highly scattering turbid media. Point radiance spectrosc...
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Interstitial quantification of the optical properties of tissue is important in biomedicine for both treatment planning of minimally invasive laser therapies and optical spectroscopic characterization of tissues, for example, prostate cancer. In a previous study, we analyzed a method first demonstra...
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Background and Objective: Interstitial Laser Photocoagulation (ILP) is a minimally invasive cancer treatment technique, whereby optical energy from implanted optical fibers is used to therapeutically heat small, solid tumors. In this work, the potential of ILP without tissue charring is investigated...
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The interferometric measurement of laser induced thermoelastic expansion of tissue samples can be used to estimate their optical, thermal and mechanical properties. This method was used to assess the Gruneisen coefficient and optical attenuation depth for native and coagulated ex-vivo bovine liver a...
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One of the major limitations of the use of optoacoustics (OA) for the imaging of prostate cancer is the relatively low resolution when performed in real time. The work presented in this thesis aims to address this limitation by applying frequency-based analyses, which contribute additional informati...
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We present a new approach to the analysis of radiance in turbid media. The approach combines data from spectral, angular and spatial domains in a form of spectro-angular maps. Mapping provides a unique way to visualize details of light distribution in turbid media and allows tracking changes with di...
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Laser thermal therapy involves heating tissue using light to temperatures between 55 °C and 95 °C for several minutes resulting in coagulation and cell death. This treatment method has been under investigation for use as a minimally invasive method for treating solid tumors and cancer cells. Heati...
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Photoacoustic (more precisely, photothermoacoustic) signals generated by the absorption of photons can be related to the incident laser fluence rate. The dependence of frequency domain photoacoustic (FD-PA) signals on the optical absorption coefficient (mu(a)) and the effective attenuation coefficie...
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Motivated by a recent report by Dickey et al. [Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359 (2001)], who demonstrated optical property retrieval by using relative radiance measurements at a single position, we investigate the uniqueness of relative radiance measurements for quantifying the optical properties of turbid...
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Interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) was performed in vitro in lean bovine and chicken muscle by delivering 1.6 W of continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser energy (1064 nm) from a 400-mum core optical fiber for 300s. The resulting thermal coagulation lesion was consistently larger when the delivered ener...
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Frequency-domain correlation and spectral analysis photothermoacoustic (FD-PTA) imaging is a promising new technique, which is being developed to detect tumor masses in turbid biological tissue. Unlike conventional biomedical photoacoustics which uses time-of-flight acoustic information induced by a...
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Multipoint optical fluence measurements can potentially be used to detect coagulation-induced changes in optical propagation during interstitial laser thermal therapy. Estimating the dimensions of coagulation using on-line optical monitoring, which is applicable to treatments where the tip of the so...
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We have developed a multi-region spherical Monte Carlo (MC) model to simulate the dynamic changes in light intensity measured during laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT). Model predictions were validated experimentally in tissue-simulating albumen phantoms with well-characterized optical proper...
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We demonstrated the application of relative radiance-based continuous wave (cw) measurements for recovering absorption and scattering properties (the effective attenuation coefficient, the diffusion coefficient, the absorption coefficient and the reduced scattering coefficient) of bulk porcine muscl...
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A novel optoacoustic phantom made of polyvinyl chloride-plastisol (PVCP) for optoacoustic studies is described. The optical and acoustic properties of PVCP were measured. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) powder and black plastic colour (BPC) were used to introduce scattering and absorption, respectively, in ...
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We present data from a two-region (coagulated and native tissue) Monte Carlo simulation in spherical geometry to assess the feasibility of using optical fluence and radiance information for determining the boundary of tissue coagulation during thermal therapy. Our results demonstrate that radiance o...